UPSC CSE PRELIMS 2020 STUDY PLAN – DAY 107

prelims 2020

UPSC CSE PRELIMS 2020 STUDY PLAN – DAY 107

TOPICS TO BE COMPLETED TODAY

HEADING

day 107

UPSC PRELIMS 2020 STUDY PLAN  (Click Here For Full Timetable)

 

VALUE ADDED NOTES  (SAMPLE)

FOOD PROCESSINGday-107 mind maps

day-107 mind maps-2

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MOCK PRELIMS QUIZ ON TODAY’S TOPIC

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Economic and Social Development – Day 107 Quiz (Click Here)

 

QUIZ QUESTIONS 

1. What is Farmer Zone ?
  • a. It is an open-source data platform for smart agriculture.
  • b. It is an Agricultural mandi which will not be regulated by APMC Acts.
  • c. It is a food processing zone that will be heavily subsidized by the state.
  • d. It is a farmer distress service to counsel farmers against suicides.

 

2. Which of the following statements regarding Intensive Subsistence Farming are NOT correct?

  1. It is done on large farms
  2. A lot of mechanization and machinery is required.
  3. It is practiced in developed countries.

Select the code from below:

  • a. 1 only
  • b. 2 and 3
  • c. 1 and 3
  • d. All of the above

3. Consider the following statements. Grameen Bank is

1.A microfinance organization owned by the Government of Bangladesh

2.A community development bank which provides loans to the poor without demanding collateral

Which of the above is/are correct?

  • a. 1 only
  • b. 2 only
  • c. Both 1 and 2
  • d. None

 

4. Assertion (A): The market price of a crop does not fall below its minimum support price (MSP).Reason (R): Minimum support price (MSP) is the price at which the government guarantees to buy unlimited quantity of an agricultural commodity.

  • a. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
  • b. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A.
  • c. A is true but R is false.
  • d. A is false but R is true

5. The National Seeds Policy, 2002, envisages timely availability of quality seeds to achieve which it suggests

  1. Compulsory registration of seeds
  2. Creation of Seed Banks
  3. Establishment of a licence regime for all seed dealers
  4. Banning import of seeds
  5. Creating a national seed grid

Select the correct answer using the codes below.

  • a. 2, 3 and 4 only.
  • b. 1, 2 and 5 only
  • c. 1, 4 and 5 only
  • d. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5.

 

6. Consider the following statements regarding the functions of NABARD:

  1. NABARD provides supervisory services
  2. Formulation of operational guidelines for rural financial institutions
  3. Monitoring flow of ground level credit to agriculture

Choose the correct

  • a. 1 only
  • b. 2 and 3 only
  • c. 1 and 2 only
  • d. All of the above

 

7. Consider the following regarding Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER):

  1. ICRIER is a statutory body under Ministry of Finance.
  2. ICRIER undertakes research for improving India’s interface with the global economy.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  • a. 1 only
  • b. 2 only
  • c. Both 1 and 2
  • d. Neither 1 nor 2

 

8. Consider the following statements regarding Agriculture Insurance Company of India Limited (AIC):

  1. Agricultural loans by banks in India are compulsorily insured by the Agricultural Insurance Company of India.
  2. AIC also transacts other insurance businesses directly or indirectly concerning agriculture and its allied activities.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  • a. 1 only
  • b. 2 only
  • c. Both 1 and 2
  • d. Neither 1 nor 2

 

9. Primary sector of the economy includes activities
  • a. That are based on natural resources
  • b. Where a good is produced by exploiting natural resources
  • c. That do not require skilled manpower
  • d. That produce only intermediary goods

 

10. The policy makers of independent India laid stress on land Reforms to promote growth and equity in the agricultural sector.Which of the following was NOT included in land reforms?

  • a. Repealing provisions of tenancy on land
  • b. Abolition of intermediaries
  • c. Introducing land ceilings
  • d. Regulating ownership rights on land

 

11. Which of the following seems a logical reason as to why most of the private investment in Indian agriculture is on labour-saving mechanization?
  • a. Government is subsidizing and supporting private players in this endeavour.
  • b. Feminization of agriculture has picked up pace.
  • c. Wages in the rural agricultural market have risen significantly in last decade.
  • d. All of the above

 

12. Which of the following factors may possibly have resulted in ‘feminization of agriculture’ in India?

  1. Migration due to urbanization
  2. Seasonal unemployment in rural areas
  3. More women as agricultural labour due to lack of land ownership in women

Choose the correct answer using the codes below:

  • a. 1 and 2 only
  • b. 2 and 3 only
  • c. 1 and 3 only
  • d. All of the above

 

13. Neem-coating of Urea is an important recent reform in the fertiliser sector. This has been done to
  • a. Improve the shell life of Urea
  • b. Reduce the toxic effects of the urea on crops
  • c. Reduce the cost of nitrogen-based fertilizers
  • d. Prevent diversion of urea to industrial uses

 

14. Horticulture sector comprising a wide array of crops. India is the largest producer of which of the following?

  1. Mango
  2. Banana
  3. Coconut
  4. Pomegranate
  5. Papaya
  6. Cashew

Choose the correct answer using the codes below.

  • a. 2 and 3 only
  • b. 1, 4, 5 and 6 only
  • c. 1, 2, 3 and 5 only
  • d. All of the above

 

15. Which of the following are the characteristic of mixed farming?

  1. Fodder crops are an important component.
  2. Crop rotation
  3. Inter-cropping
  4. Extensive use of chemical fertilizers

Choose the correct answer using the codes below:

  • a. 3 and 4 only
  • b. 2, 3 and 4 only
  • c. 1 and 2 only
  • d. All of the above

16. The World Food Summit (WFS) is convened by

  • a. Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO)
  • b. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
  • c. World Economic Forum
  • d. International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

 

17. Which of the following seeds is developed by state agricultural universities:
  • a. Nuclear Seeds
  • b. Breeder seeds
  • c. Foundation Seeds
  • d. Certified Seeds

 

18. Consider the following statements:

i) The impact of weather is felt only with extreme temperature increases and rainfall deficiencies

ii) This impact is twice as large in unirrigated areas as in irrigated areas

  • a. Only i
  • b. Only ii
  • c. Both i and ii
  • d. None of the above

 

19. As per the Survey, science and technology in India must include:

  1. Investing in educating its youth in science and mathematics
  2. Reforming the way R&D is conducted by engaging the private sector
  3. Taking a more mission-driven approach in areas such as dark matter, genomics, energy, agriculture and mathematics
  4. Matching efforts directed at improving “ease of doing business” to the “ease of doing science” index as well.
  • a. 1,2 and 3 only
  • b. 2 and 3 only
  • c. 1,3 and 4 only
  • d. 1,2,3 and 4

 

20.  What are common challenges for India in regaining competitiveness in Apparel and Leather Sector?

  1. Stringent Labour regulations.
  2. Skewed taxation & tariff policies.
  3. Poor logistics
  4. Discrimination in export markets

Identify the correct statements

  • a. 1, 2 and 4
  • b. 2 & 3 only
  • c. 1, 2, 3 and 4
  • d. None are correct

 

21. The economic justification of subsidies in agriculture is, at present, a hotly debated question. Consider the following statements related to this.

  1. A substantial amount of fertiliser subsidy also benefits the fertiliser industry, not only farmers.
  2. The subsidy largely benefits the farmers in the more prosperous regions.
  3. Most farmers in India are very poor and they will not be able to afford the required inputs without subsidies.

Select the correct statements using codes below.

  • a. 1 and 2 only
  • b. 1 and 3 only
  • c. 2 and 3 only
  • d. All of the above

 

22. Which of the following factors led to failure of trickle-down theory:

  1. Drain of wealth
  2. Western paradigm model
  3. Population explosion
  4. Over dependence on agriculture

Select your answers using the codes given below:

  • a. 1, 3 and 4
  • b. 2, 3 and 4
  • c. 1, 2 and 4
  • d. 1, 2 , 3 , 4

 

23. Consider the following about the private non-agricultural formal sector in India

  1. Such firms are about a quarter of the total firms.
  2. They produce about half of the total production in the non-agricultural private sector.

Which of the above is/are correct?

  • a. 1 only
  • b. 2 only
  • c. Both
  • d. None

 

24. Consider the following about the structure of agricultural growth

  1. Share of livestock is increasing in Gross value added in agriculture in last decade
  2. Share of crops is decreasing in gross value added in agriculture in last decade

Select the right code

  • a. 1 only
  • b. 2 only
  • c. Both
  • d. None

 

25. Consider the following about irrigation in India

  1. Less than 50% of area is under irrigation in India
  2. Maharashtra is among the least irrigated state
  3. India is world’s most groundwater depleted country

Select the right code

  • a. 1 and 2
  • b. 2 and 3
  • c. 1 and 3
  • d. All of them

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