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‘Map Based Quiz for UPSC 2020!’
India Map Based Questions:
1. Which one of the following mountains is not the part of Eastern Ghats?
a). Sheravoy hills
b). Javadi hills
c). Nallamala hills
d). anamalai hills
2. Kodaikanal, the famous hill-station of South India, is situated on :
a). Palni hills
b). Anaimalai mountain
c). Nilgiri mountain
d). Cardamon hills
3. The mountain range which stretches from Gujarat in west to Delhi in the north is the:
d). Kaimur range
4. Consider the following:
- Mahadeo Hills
- Sahyadri Parvat
- Satpura Range
What is the correct sequence of the above from the north of the south ?
(a) 1, 2, 3
(b) 2, 1, 3
(c) 1, 3, 2
(d) 2, 3, 1
5. Consider the following mountain ranges:
- Ladakh Range
- Greater Himalayas
- Zanskar Range
What is the correct sequence of these from south to north?
(a) 3, 4, 1, 2
(b) 3, 1, 4, 2
(c) 4, 2, 3, 1
(d) 4, 3, 2, 1
Scroll down for Answers:
Anamalai hills is not the part of Eastern Ghats. Elumalai is a Panchayat town in the district of Madurai, in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Originally named Aezhumalai (Seven Hills), the town is located near Usilampatti (16 km) and Peraiyur, in the Western ghats.
The other important sub ranges of the Western Ghats are – Cardamom Hills, Anamalai Hills and Nilgiri Hills.
- Cardamom Hills These hills are a part of western ghats and is located in southeast Kerala and southwest Tamil Nadu. The name is derived from the cardamom spices which are cultivated on these hills along with pepper and coffee.
- Anamali Hills – These hills are also called Elephant Hills in local language. These hills are also a part of Western ghats and is located in Kerala and Tamil Nadu states. The highest peak of these range is Anamudi which comes in Idukki district of Kerala. This is also the highest peak in western ghat and in whole south India.
- Nilgiri Hills – These hills are also a part of main Western Ghats. It is located in between the states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. These hills are separated from famous Anamalai hills by famous Palakkad pass(Pal ghat). Moyar river forms the north boundary of Nilgiri hills and separates it from the Deccan plateau.
- Satpura and Vindhya Range: These ranges run parallel to each other and spread across Central India across 1,050 km. Both ranges lie mainly in Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra with some extension to Gujarat, Chattisgarh and Uttar Pradesh. Famous tourist spots like Panchmarhi Hill Station, Kanha National Park, Amarkantak and Omkareshwar temple are part of this region. It is believed to be formed from the Aravalli Mountains. Due to its geographical location in central India, it separates Northern and Southern India.
- Aravalli Range: This is India’s oldest mountain range and spreads across the parts of Rajasthan, Delhi and Haryana. The word Aravalli translates to ‘Line of Peaks’ Guru Shikhar in Mount Abu is the highest peak of this range, which rises to 1,722 m.
Mountain Ranges of India : Satpura Range
Highest peak – Dhupgarh (Height 1350 m)
This range starts from Gujarat running towards east through Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and goes up to Chhattisgarh. The range is parallel to Vindhya. These two ranges of Satpura and Vindhya divides the Indian subcontinent in two parts the northern part is called Indo Gangetic plane of north and Deccan plateau of Peninsular India. Most important rivers of Central and Peninsular India originates from this range. Narmada originates from north eastern end of Satpura and runs west towards Arabian sea. Tapti originates from central part of this range, crosses the range and flows towards west to Surat and meets Arabian sea. At the eastern end Satpura meets Chhota Nagpur plateau.
Mountain Ranges of India : Mahadeo Hills
These hills are located in northern part of central Satpura range. This comes in southern part of Madhya Pradesh state. These hills come south to the Satpura range. These hills have gentle north slope but steep southern slope. Narmada river flows in the valley of Mahadeo and Vindhya range.
- Ladakh Range: This range extends from the northern side of Leh to the Tibetan border. It comprises Digar La Pass and Khardung La Pass. Considered a segment of the Karakoram mountain range, the Ladakh range has an extreme climate. Leh, which is the main town of the region, is regarded as a trade centre for fine pashmina wool.
- Zanskar Range: This range starts from south-eastern boundaries of Kashmir and extends to the eastern limit of Baltistan. Singge La Pass, Runrang La Pass, Fotu (Fatu) La Pass, Marbal Pass and Zoji La Pass are some of the passes of this range.
- Himadri or Inner Himalaya or Greater Himalaya – are the most continuous range, contains the loftiest peaks, are perennially covered with snow and are a source of famous glaciers like the Siachen Glacier, the Gangotri and Yamunotri, etc
- East Karakoram Range: This range separates India from Central Asia and is also one of the larger ranges of Asia. It is home to the second highest peak of the world, K2.
Wish You All The Very Best For The Preparation