indian geography study plan

UPSC PRELIMS 2020 STUDY PLAN  (Click Here For Full Timetable)




monsoon wind types monsoon wind factors

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India and World Geography Day 9 Quiz (Click Here)



1. Identify the correct relationship between the pair of lakes given below and choose the odd one out
  • a. Lake Erie and Lake Huron
  • b. Chilka lake and Pulicat lake
  • c. Lake Michigan and Lake Victoria
  • d. Lake Albert and Lake Nyassa


2. Consider the following statements below

  1. These regions are characterized by warm, dry summers and cool, moist winters.
  2. These are commonly inhabitated by low broad leafed tress.
  3. Fire is an important hazardous factor in this ecosystem and the adaptation of plants enable them to regenerate quickly after being burnt.

Choose the correct codes from the given options:

  • a. Mediterranean Forest
  • b. Temperate Deciduous Forest
  • c. Sub-tropical Rain Forest
  • d. Tropical Seasonal Forest


3. Water has the property of gradual freezing and melting due to
  • a. High specific heat capacity
  • b. High latent heat of fusion.
  • c. High latent heat of vaporisation
  • d. Low specific gravity


4. Consider the following list of countries

  1. Ukraine
  2. Turkey
  3. Bulgaria
  4. Georgia
  5. Syria

Select the following countries bordering black sea?

  • a. 2, 3, 5 only
  • b. 3, 4, 5 only
  • c. 1, 3, and 5 only
  • d. 1,2,3, and 4 only


5. Mount Aconcagua is located in
  • a. South Africa
  • b. Argentina
  • c. Russia
  • d. Canada


6. Consider the statements w.r.t Snowflake Corals

  1. The snowflake coral is native of the tropical Western Atlantic and Caribbean.
  2. It is considered an invasive species because it has capacity to dominate space and crowd out other marine organisms.
  3. It has capacity to destabilize the marine ecosystem

Select the correct code

  • a. 1 only
  • b. 2 and 3
  • c. 1 and 2
  • d. All


7. Consider the following statements:

  1. Jet streams are a feature of the upper stratosphere.
  2. The most typical feature of jet streams is their location in the atmosphere over the area of greatest temperature gradient.

Which of the statements is/are correct?

  • a. Both 1 and 2
  • b. Neither 1 nor 3
  • c. Only 1
  • d. Only 2


8. Pick the odd one out in the following sets of Mountains
  • a. Himalayan Mountains- Nepal.
  • b. Aravali Range- India.
  • c. Vosges- Europe.
  • d. Appalachians- North America.


9. Consider the following statements regarding trade winds:

  1. Trade winds are the most consistent and they never change their direction.
  2. They bring enormous amounts of precipitation in the low lying islands on their path.

Choose the wrong option from the following options:

  • a. Only 1
  • b. Only 2
  • c. Both 1 and 2
  • d. Neither 1 nor 2


10. Arrange the types of mountain in the decreasing order of their age

  1. Pre Cambrian
  2. Caledonian
  3. Hercynian
  4. Alpine

Select the correct code from the following

  • a. 1>3>2>4
  • b. 1>2>3>4
  • c. 2>1>3>4
  • d. 4>3>2>1


11. Consider the following statements

  1. Caspian is the largest lake in the world.
  2. Lake Titicaca is the highest lake occupying a depression in intermont plateau of Andes.
  3. Dead sea is the world’s lowest lake found below the sea level.
  4. Tanganyika is the deepest lake of the world found in African Rift valley.

Which of the above statements are correct?

  • a. 1,2 and 3
  • b. 2,3 and 4
  • c. 1,2 and 4
  • d. All of the above


12. With respect to the important local winds of the world, Consider the following statements

  1. Blizzard – Warm & dry local winds blowing on leeward side of Alps in Switzerland.
  2. Purga – Snow laden wind in Russian tundra.
  3. Zonda -A warm & dry wind of the Andean valleys in Argentina
  4. Fohn – Snow laden wind in canada .
  5. Chinook- Warm & dry local winds blowing on leeward side of Rockies in USA
  6. Harmattan -Blowing from east & northeast towards west in Sahara

Choose the correct codes from the option given below

  • a. 1,2 ,4 and 5 only
  • b. 2,3,5 and 6 only
  • c. 4,5,6 only
  • d. All


13. Identify the factors which influence Temperature

  1. Latitude
  2. Altitude
  3. Continentality
  4. Winds and Ocean currents
  5. Distance from Sea
  6. Aspect

Choose correct codes from the below given options

  • a. 1 only 1, 2 and 3 only
  • b. 2,3 and 4 only
  • c. 1,2,3,4 and 5 only
  • d. All of the above


14. Consider the following statements

  1. Places having same mean annual rainfall are joined by a line on map is called Isonephs
  2. Places having an equal degree of cloudiness are joined by lines known as Isohyet
  3. Places with equal sunshine duration joined by lines are known as Isohels.

Choose correct codes from the options given below

  • a. 1 and 2 only
  • b. 2 and 3 only
  • c. 3 only
  • d. All


15. What do you understand by Zinnia?
  • a. First flower grown in space
  • b. An invasive species recently found in India’s Western Ghats
  • c. First vaccine for Zika Virus
  • d. World’s thinnest fabric developed from Zeon


16. Arrange these deserts as they appear from East to West

  1. Turkmenistan
  2. Takla-Makan
  3. Patagonia
  4. Namib

Choose correct code from the below given options

  • a. 1,4,2,3
  • b. 4,1,3,2
  • c. 2,1,4,3
  • d. 2,1,3,4


17. Consider the following local winds

  1. Mistral – Southern France
  2. Bora – Spain
  3. Khamsin – Egypt
  4. Berg – Adriatic Coast

Which of the following are correctly matched?

  • a. 1, 2 and 4
  • b. 1 and 3
  • c. 2,3 and 4
  • d. 2 and 3


18. Instead of equator, the maximum surface temperature of ocean water is found in tropical zones (30 o N and S latitude). Which of the following is the most appropriate explanation for this?
  • a. Sun is directly overhead over the tropics.
  • b. Hot winds from the deserts blow towards the oceans heating the surface water.
  • c. Vegetation at equator reflects more light than the tropical vegetation.
  • d. Due to low pressure the equatorial area is covered with clouds throughout the year blocking the direct sunlight.


19. Consider the following statements:

  1. Submarine canyons are steep sided deep valleys formed due to erosion of Abyssal plain.
  2. Seamounts are underwater submarine mountains which do not reach the ocean surface.
  3. Guyots are the fat topped sea mountains.
  4. Deep trenches are an extension of Sub Marine Canyons

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

  • a. 1 only
  • b. 2 and 3 only
  • c. 1 and 4
  • d. All of the above


20. Consider the following statements regarding Continental Shelf:

  1. It is a part of Continental crust extended in the ocean.
  2. They are often marked with submarine canyons.
  3. It has an average gradient of 1 o or less.
  4. Continental shelves are largest on the west coast of Sumatra and chile .

Which of the statements are correct?

  • a. 1,2 and 3
  • b. 1 and 2
  • c. 3 and 4
  • d. All of the above


21. Consider the following statements.a) Sediments found at continental shelf are terrigenous in nature.

b) Maximum volume of sediments is found on the abyssal plane.

c) Tektites are small glassy particles having their origin in space.

d) Diatom is a kind of silicious ooze.

Which of the above statement is incorrect?

  • a. a
  • b. b
  • c. c
  • d. d



22. Which of the following statements is not correct?
  • a. Mid oceanic ridge is found at diverging oceanic plate boundaries.
  • b. Oceanic crust at mid oceanic ridge is younger than the crust near the trenches.
  • c. Sea mounts are stray sub marine mountains of volcanic origin.
  • d. Mid oceanic ridges are formed above Benioff zone.correct


23. Consider the following statements

  1. Ocean topography is smooth, contrary to Continental topography.
  2. Ocean relief is rugged with different topography like that of a continent.
  3. Ocean relief cannot be explained with plate tectonics.
  4. Only depositional landforms are found in oceans and not erosional .

Which of the above are incorrect?

  • a. 1 only
  • b. 1 and 3
  • c. 1,2 and 3
  • d. 1,3 and 4


24. Select the incorrect option
  • a. Ozone in stratosphere acts as a protective layer while ozone in lower atmosphere acts as a pollutant
  • b. Ozone hole has been found only at lower latitudes.
  • c. Montreal protocol has been adopted to ban ozone depleting substances.
  • d. UV radiations can be harmful to living tissues.


25. The atmosphere is held around the earth by
  • a. Primordial heat from inside the earth
  • b. Magnetic force around the earth that attracts all charged dust particles
  • c. Coriolis force and adhesive frictional force between the earth and atmosphere
  • d. Gravitational force of the Earth


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