UPSC PRELIMS 2020: School Education Quality Index

school education quality index

Topic: School Education Quality Index

Topic in Syllabus: Indian Society

school education quality index


The index is jointly released by the NITI Aayog, the Ministry of Human Resource Development, and the World Bank.

It is to evaluate the performance of States and UTs in the school education sector.

It assesses States based on learning outcomes, access, equity and infrastructure and facilities, using survey data, self-reported data from States and third-party verification.


The ranking is based on 30 indicators in 2 broad categories,

  1. Outcomes that consisted of learning, access, infrastructure & facilities, and equity outcomes
  2. Governance processes aiding outcomes

Some of the parameters are,

  • The number of schools with the largest number of toilets for girl children
  • The average score of students in mathematics and language in classes III, V, and VIII,
  • The transition rate of students from primary to upper primary levels and also from upper primary levels to secondary level
  • It used 2016-17 as the reference year and 2015-16 as the base year.

Performance of States :

  • Among 20 large States, Kerala was the best performer with a score of 76.6%, while Uttar Pradesh came in last with a score of 36.4%.
  • Among smaller States, Manipur emerged as the best performer, while Chandigarh topped the list of UTs

Top performers –

  • Tamil Nadu was the top performer in access and equity outcomes
  • Karnataka led in learning outcomes
  • Haryana had the best infrastructure and facilities.
  • Haryana, Assam and Uttar Pradesh showed the most improvement in their performance.
  • Karnataka, along with Uttarakhand, saw the biggest drop.
  • West Bengal refused to participate in the evaluation process and has not been included in the rankings.

 education index overall performance ranking

Sample Question:

Why might a school be unable to maintain adequate educational quality and student discipline?

a) similarities between parental and school norms.

b) students’ success in school

c) ease of teaching

d) segregation

Answer: d