|3||Weed science||Seed production and technology|
|5||Soil science and nutrient management||Horticulture and land scaping|
|6||Soil Water Conservation||Plant protection|
|7||Agricultural Economics||Food production and nutrition management|
- Ecology and its relevance to man
- Natural resources, their sustainable management and conservation
- Physical and social environment as factors of crop distribution and production.
- Agro ecology; cropping pattern as indicators of environments.
- Environmental pollution and associated hazards to crops, animals and humans.
- Climate change – International conventions and global initiatives.
- Green house effect and global warming.
- Advance tools for ecosystem analysis – Remote sensing (RS) and Geographic Information Systems (GIS).
- Cropping patterns in different agro-climatic zones of the country.
- Impact of high yielding and short-duration varieties on shifts in cropping patterns.
- Concepts of various cropping and farming systems.
- Organic and Precision farming.
- Package of practices for production of important cereals, pulses, oil seeds, fibres, sugar, commercial and fodder crops.
- Weeds – their characteristics.
- Dissemination and association with various crops; their multiplications;
- Cultural, biological, and chemical control of weeds.
- Important features and scope
- Various types of forestry plantations such as social forestry, agro-forestry, and natural forests.
- Propagation of forest plants.
- Forest products. Agro forestry and value addition.
- Conservation of forest flora and fauna.
Soil science and nutrient management:
- Soil- physical, chemical and biological properties.
- Processes and factors of soil formation.
- Soils of India.
- Mineral and organic constituents of soils and their role in maintaining soil productivity.
- Essential plant nutrients and other beneficial elements in soils and plants.
- Principles of soil fertility, soil testing and fertilizer recommendations.
- Integrated nutrient management.
- Losses of nitrogen in soil, nitrogen-use efficiency in submerged rice soils, nitrogen fixation in soils.
- Efficient phosphorus and potassium use.
- Problem soils and their reclamation.
- Soil factors affecting greenhouse gas emission.
Soil and water conservation:
- Soil conservation
- Integrated watershed management.
- Soil erosion and its management. Dry land agriculture and its problems.
- Technology for stabilizing agriculture production in rain fed areas.
- Water-use efficiency in relation to crop production,
- Criteria for scheduling irrigations,
- Ways and means of reducing runoff losses of irrigation water.
- Rainwater harvesting.
- Drip and sprinkler irrigation.
- Drainage of waterlogged soils,
- Quality of irrigation water
- Effect of industrial effluents on soil and water pollution.
- Irrigation projects in India.
- Farm management, scope, importance and characteristics, farm planning.
- Optimum resource use and budgeting.
- Economics of different types of farming systems.
- Marketing management – strategies for development, market intelligence.
- Price fluctuations and their cost; role of co-operatives in agricultural economy;
- Types and systems of farming and factors affecting them.
- Agricultural price policy.
- Crop Insurance.
- Agricultural extension, its importance and role,
- Methods of evaluation of extension programmes,
- Socio-economic survey and status of big, small and marginal farmers and landless agricultural labourers.
- Training programmes for extension workers
- Role of Krishi Vigyan Kendra’s (KVK) in dissemination of Agricultural technologies.
- Non Government Organization (NGO) and self-help group approach for rural development.
- Cell structure, function and cell cycle.
- Synthesis, structure and function of genetic material.
- Laws of heredity.
- Chromosome structure, chromosomal aberrations
- Linkage and cross-over, and their significance in recombination breeding.
- Polyploidy, euploids and aneuploids.
- Mutations – and their role in crop improvement.
- Heritability, sterility and incompatibility, classification and their application in crop improvement.
- Cytoplasmic inheritance, sex-linked, sex-influenced and sex-limited characters.
Plant breeding :
- History of plant breeding.
- Modes of reproduction, selfing and crossing techniques.
- Origin, evolution and domestication of crop plants, center of origin, law of homologous series, crop genetic resources conservation and utilization.
- Application of principles of plant breeding, improvement of crop plants.
- Molecular markers and their application in plant improvement.
- Pure-line selection, pedigree, mass and recurrent selections, combining ability, its significance in plant breeding.
- Heterosis and its exploitation.
- Somatic hybridization.
- Breeding for disease and pest resistance.
- Role of interspecific and intergeneric hybridization.
- Role of genetic engineering and biotechnology in crop improvement.
- Genetically modified crop plants.
Seed production and technology:
- Seed production and processing technologies.
- Seed certification, seed testing and storage.
- DNA finger printing and seed registration.
- Role of public and private sectors in seed production and marketing.
- Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) issues, WTO issues and its impact on Agriculture.
- Principles of Plant Physiology with reference to plant nutrition, absorption, translocation and metabolism of nutrients.
- Soil – water- plant relationship.
- Enzymes and plant pigments;
- Photosynthesis- modern concepts and factors affecting.
- C3, C4 and CAM mechanisms.
- Factors affecting aerobic and anaerobic respiration;
- Carbohydrate, Protein and fat metabolism.
- Growth and development; photoperiodism and vernalilzation.
- Plant growth substances and their role in crop production.
- Physiology of seed development and germination; dormancy.
- Stress physiology – drought, salt and water stress.
Horticulture and landscape gardening:
- Major fruits, plantation crops, vegetables, spices and flower crops
- Package practices of major horticultural crops.
- Protected cultivation and high tech horticulture.
- Post harvest technology and value addition of fruits and vegetables
- Landscaping and commercial floriculture.
- Medicinal and aromatic plants.
- Role of fruits and vegetables in human nutrition.
Plant protection techniques:
- Diagnosis of pests and diseases of field crops, vegetables, orchard and plantation crops and their economic importance.
- Classification of pests and diseases and their management.
- Integrated pest and disease management.
- Storage pests and their management.
- Biological control of pests and diseases.
- Epidemiology and forecasting of major crop pests and diseases.
- Plant quarantine measures.
- Pesticides, their formulation and modes of action.
Food production and nutrition management:
- Food production and consumption trends in India.
- Food security and growing population – vision 2020.
- Reasons for grain surplus.
- National and international food policies.
- Production, procurement, distribution constraints.
- Availability of food grains, per capita expenditure on food.
- Trends in poverty, Public Distribution System and Below Poverty Line population, Targeted Public Distribution System (PDS), policy implementation in context to globalization.
- Processing constraints.
- Relation of food production to National Dietary Guidelines and food consumption pattern.
- Food based dietary approaches to eliminate hunger.
- Nutrient deficiency –
- Micro nutrient deficiency , Protein Energy Malnutrition or Protein Calorie Malnutrition (PEM or PCM),
- Micro nutrient deficiency and HRD in context of work capacity of women and children.
- Food grain productivity and food security.
- Agriculture Statistics – Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India – http://agricoop.nic.in.
- Agronomy By Yellamananda Reddy
- Plant Breeding By B.D. Singh Genetics By B.D. Singh
- Introduction to Soil Science – D.K Das
- Plant Physiology By Pandey & Sinha/ V.K.Jain
- Introduction To Horticulture – N.Kumar
- Handbook Of Agriculture By ICAR
- Agricultural Economics and Farm Management Agricultural Extension Education in India
- Plant Pathology – Singh
Optional Notes – Available only for mentorship program
- The aspirants from the academic background in Agriculture, Botany, Zoology and allied field can choose Agriculture for optional subject.
- Several Topics from Agriculture overlap with General Studies, especially in Economy and Geography. Hence helps with GS preparation.
- Scoring Subject
- Less Syllabus and Many Direct Questions asked.
- It will be difficult to any aspirants who does not have a prior knowledge of Biology or agriculture.
- Choose only if you have studies Agriculture, Botany, Zoology/ related content in your graduation
How to Prepare:
- Memorise the Syllabus.
- Stick to limited reference books
- Before starting preparation, go through previous year qps. Analyze
- which section in a particular topic is important,
- which questions get repeated every year..
- which questions have never been asked and
- which of them can be expected in the current year.
- Build a strong foundation with basic concepts. List out basic terminologies asked
- Make diagrams, short notes and flowcharts while preparing. It helps in revision.
- Refer Agriculture ministry website and economic survey – Note down schemes, programs and news that are relevant to your optionals
- Most important – at least write answers to previous 10 years question papers.Supplement it with current affairs notes.
- Revision and answer writing practice is a must.
Previous Year Question Papers:
|2011 paper 1|
2011 paper 2
|2012 paper 1|
2011 paper 2
|2013 paper 1||2014 paper 1|
2014 paper 2
|2015 paper 1|
2015 paper 2
|2016 paper 1|
2016 paper 2
|2017 paper 1|
2017 paper 2
|Paper – 1|
Agriculture Paper 1(attach here)
Agriculture Paper 2(attach here)